Two new NIOSH documents identify risk factors and provide recommendations on how to prevent motor vehicle crashes on the job. "Work-Related Motor Vehicle Crashes: Preventing Injuries to Young Drivers - What Employers Should Know" will help workers, employers and parents understand and address the risks that can lead to crashes among young drivers. The workplace factsheet gives information about Federal and state laws that cover workplace driving, offers recommendations for preventing motor vehicle crashes among younger workers, and provides links to Internet resources.
“Young people are the future of our workforce and bring fresh ideas and energy into the workplace, however their lack of experience may also place them at higher risk of workplace injuries,” said NIOSH Director John Howard, M.D.
Laws related to youth who drive for work include:
- The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is the Federal law that includes standards to protect young workers. This law applies to businesses engaged in interstate commerce with gross revenues of at least $500,000 per year.
- Under FLSA, non-agricultural workers younger than age 17 are prohibited from driving a motor vehicle on a public road or working as an “outside helper” (that is, riding or hanging on to a motor vehicle outside the cab while helping to transport or deliver goods).
- Under FLSA, agricultural workers younger than age 16 are not permitted to drive a bus, truck or automobile to transport passengers, or to ride on a tractor as a passenger or helper. At age 16, the FLSA no longer applies to young agricultural workers. However, young agricultural workers driving on public roads are not exempt from state graduated driver licensing (GDL) laws and state traffic laws.
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