There are five primary types of hazards that can lead to eye injuries. Use this list from OSHA to help identify the correct eye and face protection for various hazards:
Flying objects such as large chips, fragments, particles, sand and dirt commonly result from chipping, grinding, machining, masonry work, wood working, sawing, drilling, chiseling, powered fastening, riveting, and sanding. OSHA Recommends:
- Spectacles - Primary protectors to shield the eyes from a variety of impact hazards.
- Goggles - Primary protectors to shield the eyes against flying fragments, objects, large chips, and particles.
- Face Shields - Secondary protectors to protect the entire face against exposure to impact hazards.
Anything emitting extreme heat, such as furnace operations, pouring, casting, hot dipping and welding. OSHA Recommends:
- Spectacles - Primary protectors to shield the eyes from a variety of heat hazards.
- Goggles - Primary protectors to shield the eyes from a variety of heat hazards.
- Face Shields - Secondary protectors to protect the entire face from a variety of heat hazards.
Splash, fumes, vapors and irritating mists commonly occur in acid and chemical handling, degreasing, plating and working with blood. OSHA Recommends:
- Goggles - Primary protectors to shield the eyes against liquid or chemical splash, irritating mists, vapors, and fumes.
- Face Shields - Secondary protectors intended to protect the entire face against exposure to chemical hazards.
Harmful dust commonly created by woodworking, buffing and dusty conditions. OSHA Recommends:
- Goggles - Primary protectors to protect the eyes against a variety of airborne particles and harmful dust.
Optical Radiation Hazards:
Radiant energy, glare, and intense light from welding, torch-cutting, brazing, soldering and laser work.
- First consider the intensity of the light or heat. Then, select lenses and/or filters that provide protection while allowing the task to be completed. When selecting filter lenses, begin a shade too dark to see the welding zone. Then try lighter shades until one allows a sufficient view of the welding zone without going below the minimum protective shade. Learn more on OSHA requirements here.
No matter what kind of eye hazards you identify, prepare for eye injuries and first aid needs by having an eye wash or sterile solution on hand.
- Visit the OSHA Eye and Face Protection page.
- Review OSHA eye and face protection standards.
- Browse eye and face protection PPE safety signs.