Extremely cold or wet weather is a dangerous situation that can cause occupational illness and injuries such as hypothermia, frostbite, trench foot, and chilblains. Here are some frostbite tips from NIOSH:
What is Frostbite?
- An injury to the body that is caused by freezing, which most often affects the nose, ears, cheeks, chin, fingers, or toes.
- Reduced blood flow to hands and feet
- Tingling or stinging
- Bluish or pale, waxy skin
- Get into a warm room as soon as possible.
- Unless necessary, do not walk on frostbitten feet or toes.
- Immerse the affected area in warm (not hot) water, or warm the affected area using body heat.
- Do not use a heating pad, fireplace, or radiator for warming.
- Do not massage the frostbitten area; doing so may cause more damage.
- Download a NIOSH cold stress fact card (pdf).
- Visit the OSHA Winter Weather page.
- Browse first aid signs and labels here.