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December 11, 2014

Workplace Injuries Decline to 3 Million in 2013

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The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that non-fatal workplace injuries declined significantly in 2013, and that the DART rate declined for the first time since 2009. Slightly more than 3 million nonfatal injuries and illnesses were reported by U.S. private industry in 2013, for an incidence rate of 3.3 cases per 100 full-time workers.

Key findings from the 2013 Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses:

  • The total recordable cases (TRC) incidence rate of injury and illness in private industry declined from 2012, as did the rate for cases involving days away from work, job transfer or restriction (DART). This was the first DART rate decline since 2009.
  • The rate of reported injuries and illnesses declined significantly among the manufacturing, retail and utilities sectors, but was statistically unchanged among all other private industry sectors compared to 2012.
  • Manufacturing continued a 16-year trend as the only private industry sector in which the rate of job transfer or restriction exceeded the rate of days away from work. These rates declined to 1.2 and 1.0 per 100 full-time workers, respectively.
  • The incidence rate of injuries among private industry workers declined to 3.1, down from 3.2 in 2012. In comparison, the illness incidence rate was unchanged. 
  • Although the rate of injuries and illnesses among state and local government workers declined to 5.2, it remains significantly higher than the private industry rate. 

Private Industry Injuries and Illnesses:

  • Over half the private industry injury and illness cases reported in 2013 involved days away from work, job transfer, or restriction (DART cases). 
  • These cases occurred at a rate of 1.7 cases per 100 full-time workers, a statistically significant decrease 
  • from 2012.
  • Injury and illness incidence rates remained highest among mid-size companies (50-249 workers) and lowest among small companies (less than 11 workers).


  • Nearly 95% of cases involved injuries, rather than illness. 
  • Among injuries, nearly 76 percent occurred in service industries, which employed 82.4 percent of the private industry workforce. 
  • The remaining injuries occurred in goods-producing industries.


  • Workplace illnesses accounted for just 5 percent of reported cases.
  • Goods-producing industries accounted for 34.4 percent of illness cases. 
  • Service industries accounted for 65.6 percent, with a rate of 13.7 cases per 10,000 full-time workers.
State Estimates
Private industry and public sector estimates are available for 41 participating states and the District of Columbia. State estimates should be available online on December 18.

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