Hazards Associated with Bucket Trucks
- Fall from elevated level
- Objects falling from lifts
- Ejections from the bucket/platform
- Structural failures (collapses)
- Electric shock (electrocutions)
- Entanglement hazards
- Contact with objects
Bucket Truck Safety Checklists
Before Starting Work:
- Make sure workers who operate aerial lifts are properly trained in the safe use of the equipment.
- Maintain and operate equipment according to the manufacturer's instructions.
- Perform a daily safety / “circle check” of the vehicle to look for hazards, identify damage and ensure tires and other parts are sound. Ensure no parts are leaking oil or hydraulic fluid.
- Check safety features to be sure sure required safety equipment and signage is in place, including required decals and stickers on and around the boom.
On the Ground:
- Park on level, stable ground
- Use outriggers, if provided
- Do not operate an aerial lift in wind speeds above those recommended by the manufacturer
- Watch for overhead obstructions
- Never override hydraulic, mechanical or electrical safety devices
- Never move the equipment with workers in an elevated platform unless this is permitted by the manufacturer
- Set the brakes and use wheel chocks if you must park on an incline
- Never put the truck against an object such as a building or another vehicle in an effort to stabilize it
- Never use a bucket truck as a crane
In the Bucket:
- Use a body harness or restraining belt with a lanyard attached to the boom or basket to prevent workers from being ejected or pulled from the basket. Compute the fall distance before performing each task.
- Keep both feet on the floor
- Make sure there is no debris on the floor that could present a trip hazard
- Never sit or stand on the edge of the bucket itself
- Do not place any item in the bucket to try to increase work height (ladders, step stools)
- Do not try to climb down from the bucket when it is raised
- Do not exceed the load limits of the equipment. Allow for the combined weight of the worker, tools and materials.
- Do not exceed vertical or horizontal reach limits.
- Do not push or pull the bucket toward anything
- Maintain a minimum clearance of at least 10 feet, or 3 meters, away from the nearest energized overhead lines.
- Always treat power lines, wires and other conductors as energized, even if they are down or appear to be insulated.